Why it's done

Your doctor may suggest an echocardiogram to:
.Check for problems with the valves or chambers of your heart
.Check if heart problems are the cause of symptoms such as shortness of breath or chest pain
.Detect congenital heart defects before birth (fetal echocardiogram)

How you prepare ?

Food and medications

No special preparations are necessary for a standard transthoracic echocardiogram. You can eat, drink and take medications as you normally would.

Other precautions

If you're having a transesophageal echocardiogram, you won't be able to drive afterward because of the medication you'll likely receive. Be sure to arrange for a ride home.